The Fintech Decree adapts the national system to the provisions of Regulation (EU) 2022/858, which establishes a pilot regime for market infrastructures based on distributed ledger technology (DLT pilot regime), and was enacted to vote that Italian operators are at a competitive disadvantage with respect to other operators established in Member States.
The converted decree comes into force as of 16 May 2023.
This paper proposes a novel approach for identifying defects during banknote production using ‘one-shot learning’ methods. These methods rely on a small number of observations to train a Siamese neural network to reproduce the similarities between pairs of samples. The network can then identify defects in new banknote images by comparing them to benchmark samples. The proposed approach allows the correct identification of some specific defects on banknotes, even with limited training data, laying the foundation for the development of a solution for the recognition and intelligent classification of defects on banknotes.
The Commission published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 16 May 2023: 
  • Delegated Regulation (EU) 2023/945 amending and correcting the MiFIR regulatory technical standards of Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/583 on transparency requirements for trading venues and investment firms in relation to bonds, structured finance instruments, emission allowances and derivatives.
  • Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2023/944 amends and corrects the regulatory technical standards set out in Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/587 with regard to certain transparency requirements applicable to transactions in equity instruments
  • Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2023/960 amends the regulatory technical standards set out in Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/588 as regards the annual date of application of the calculations of the average daily number of transactions for shares, depositary receipts and listed index funds for the purposes of trading tick sizes.